Why would the president of the University of Missouri system say the issue of racist behaviors against the system’s students was going to be taken up next April when one of his students was on a hungry strike that would kill him much earlier?
Why would the same tone-deaf administrator react lukewarmly—to put it generously—to a claim by the “Mizzou” student body president (who is black and gay) that he was being verbally abused (repeatedly) by someone riding in a pickup truck?
Why would this same gent refuse to get out of his car and have a conversation with students protesting racial behavior on campus at a homecoming parade?
Why would someone take feces and draw a swastika on a university dormitory wall?
Why did it take a strike by 30 (of the team’s 84 scholarship holders, 58 of whom are African-American) of UM’s variety football players that would cost the school $1 million in default fees if this weekend’s BYU game was cancelled to get anyone in power to take notice much of any of this?
Why . . .why . . . why? Good questions to put to the human brain, so let’s do so. Here are key discoveries we’ve made about the brain and racism, most of them quite recently:
Biologically, racism seems to stem from the brain’s built-in tendency to warn us to stay away from parts of the environment that are threatening. The culprit is an almond-shaped cluster of neurons called the amygdala. It is located close to the center of our brain. It mediates fear conditioning by controlling a lot of the brain’s emotional processes. We run into problems—such as racism—because the amygdala works very fast, far more rapidly that our conscious thinking.
We like to think that our brains are born as “blank slates.” This would mean none of us are racists or sexists or homophobic at birth. But even if we are not, prejudice is lurking not far behind. Infants as young as three months are already showing preferences for faces from the same racial background. If for no other reason, this is because the people around them lose no time in “programming” their newborns with their own biases and preferences when it comes to people.
Fortunately, what the brain gives, the brain can also take away. This gets a bit tricky, so follow closely. How the brain is going to respond to a racially excited amygdala that has been programmed by its environment is a two-step dance. A part of the brain called the anterior cingulated cortex (ACC) is first to detect a person is reacting negatively to an out-group member. The ACC passes along the issue to the dorsolateral prefrontal cortex (DLPFC). Good results can follow if, for example, a person has been made aware of their racial bias toward people who aren’t like them because this can change how the DLPFC reacts.
There’s a strong case to be made that the University of Missouri’s two top administrators ignored the grievances of their African-American students because the executives were unaware of their prejudices. Rinku Sin, author of The Accidental American: Immigration and Citizenship in the Age of Globalization, explains, “Our judgments about people don’t qualify as prejudices because our brains are happy enough to have a coherent story about ‘those people’.” Social psychologists call this brain failing “implicit prejudice.” Its impact can be stunning. For example, one survey a week after George Zimmerman was acquitted of killing Trayvon Martin, 30 percent of white respondents were unhappy with the verdict compared to 86 percent of African-Americans. (It only takes about ten minutes to measure your own implicit biases on race. Go here.)
Will millions of brains in America use the events at the University of Missouri to a challenge their own (implicit) racially tinged brain biases? It would be nice to think so but almost certainly not. Because—let’s say it again—they (we!) won’t do this because we (they) don’t think they are racially biased. One more time: what makes this such a difficult thing to change at a fundamental level is that the amygdala-activated part of our brain is lightning quick, intuitive and, often, arrogant. And let it be said, entrenched in power, in a lot more places than the executive suite at the University of Missouri. We shouldn’t give up trying to strengthen, educate and pressure our dorsolateral prefrontal cortex (DLPFC) to be more “moral.” And we can acknowledge that we’ve made some progress. But our brain can be a pesky critter. It can easily use a self-perceived and self-congratulatory “arc of improvement” on racial issues as just another implicit bias to keep it from responding to the injustices around it.
Here’s the reality: To now, developments in how we humans “do lives and do societies” can be said to have arrived in four great waves. Agriculture. Industry. Information. And the latest: Productivity and Change.
No. 4, the Wave of Productivity and Change, was to involve converging technologies such as bioengineering, nanotechnology, macro-robotics, machine cognition, exotic energy and new materials science, along with astonishing gains in information processing and sharing. And it has, plus much more.
Merged with new ways of organizing and using human capital, this powerful combination was expected to create new knowledge, products and sources of energy. And it has. And make people’s lives better, fuller, sooner—everywhere on this remarkable blue planet. . . . THAT, it hasn’t.
• So what happened? Wave 4 has largely been thwarted by short-sighted vision and poor decision-making . . . and co-opted by simple greed, worldwide.
The technologies of Wave 4 —technologies that could decentralize and liberate—have been thrust aside in favor of those of a global economic and wealth-controlling oligarchy. In other words, the same old, same old, except it is on a far vaster scale and moving at warp speed.
• This isn’t going to endure in the long run. Our air and waters are being polluted beyond sustainability. People are hungry, and food sources are stressed. Other species are disappearing. The Great Wave of Life that underlies all the other waves is being direly challenged. It’s no exaggeration to say that life on Earth hangs in the balance.
Brain Technologies’ authors narrated much of the above in their best-selling book, Strategy of the Dolphin®. Dudley expanded on the topic in The Mother of All Minds. Then he expanded on what can happen in dolphin-thinking waters with LEAP! How to Think Like a Dolphin & Do the Next Right, Best Thing Come Hell or High Water. More information on these pioneering works and how to acquire them is here.
• Our best hope: a learning-capable, changeable brain. Under the right circumstances, our brain is wired to change itself when it senses new needs and challenges. The best clue that this is happening is how a brain views the world: its worldviews, primary and secondary.
This is why BTC is reintroducing its Yo!Dolphin! Worldview Survey™, featuring the crucial new Deep See-Change Dolphin Worldview.
The Yo!Dolphin! thinking skills technology tracks five major worldviews: Carp, Shark, First Dolphin, Prime Dolphin and Deep See-Change Dolphin. Like a GPS-locator, it will tell you exactly where your thinking, acting, believing and valuing skills are anchored in today’s turbulent Deep See ocean of needs, challenges and possibilities.
• The critical answers to the kinds of worldviews that dominate in your own thinking environment are identified instantaneously when you take a few moments to respond to our highly professional online self-analysis questionnaire. What you can learn about yourself in one of the most unusual, most personal, most detailed and most instructive “personality profiles” of our generation is only an instant away.
Awaken and thrill to the true power of the story that your worldview equips you to tell, explore, personalize and take inspiration from.
Appreciate how uniquely you “slot into” the bigger picture of a humanity that may be a treasure unmatched in all the universe.
Revel in the richness of your possibilities even as you benefit from a penetrating new understanding of self limits and possible points of vulnerability.
Go forth prepared to utilize your thinking skills with a quality, precision and effectiveness frankly available to very few of the people you’ll ever be called on to influence, instruct, guide, match wits with or seriously challenge.
And no feature of your full, comprehensive Yo!Dolphin report is more unusual than its ability to help you understand if you are ready to help protect the Great Wave of Life. And if you are, what the most productive and constructive steps are that you can take are. And if you aren’t, how you can improve your readiness.
• It all starts with how you see the world. And there’s no clearer, cleaner, more action-inspiring way to do that than to ask BTC’s Yo!Dolphin! Worldview Survey what it sees and what it has to suggest about the way you think, value, choose and behave.
For more information, go here.
To take the questionnaire and initiation one of the most unique self-discovery processes of your life, go here.
If you had been with me on that cantankerous, wintry New England day when I got my first glimpse of him, I think we’d both have agreed that the initial sighting was memorable. The focus, I believe, would have been mostly on his visage. To a surprising extent, his facial features reminded me of the somber, dignified Abe Lincoln who stares back at you in Matthew Brady’s daguerreotypes.
In the Newton, Mass., restaurant that day, I could instantly fit Lincoln’s craggy face, with the dark, hedgerow eyebrows, onto a gangly body not unlike the late actor Jimmy Stewart’s, though not quite so tall. Palpably, this became Professor Clare W. Graves at about 11:15 p.m. of his pathfinder’s life. Most people who ever met him also remembered Dr. Graves’ black-rimmed eyeglasses, possibly in part because of their proximity to a pair of watchful, deep-set eyes. Dr. Graves, an American psychologist, was the pioneering researcher and theorist who was the first to realize that a great new watershed in human thinking abilities was surfacing—a 21st Century-prefiguring, global-world-processing new kind of mind.
Like the first to see many a newly identified heavenly object, Dr. Graves was able to make the sighting only because he was looking with the right tools—including his own gifted intuitions and analytical skills—in the right direction at the right time for observing a radically different way for individuals to organize their thinking.
It all began because iconoclastic Clare Graves was acutely irritated by the inability of psychology’s reigning personalities (Freud, Alder, Fromm, Erikson, Skinner, Maslow, Rogers and others) to agree on what constitutes a healthy mind. He decided to ignore their views and develop his own. And that meant accumulating his own data.
For several years, Graves had been systemically collecting and cataloguing his students’ views about what made for a mature person. It had grown into a massive one-man research project. He had a hoard of basic input about minds from many different cultures—and the mounting intimation of a promising theory. He was growing more and more optimistic about working out a plausible solution for psychology’s wishy-washiness.
When, out of the blue, he experienced a stunning setback.
DR. CLARE W. GRAVES (Photo used by permission of the late Christopher C. Cowan and Spiral Dynamics)
With no warning at all, the beliefs of some of his most perceptive and sensitive—and, in his view, most mature—research subjects abruptly and permanently shifted on him. And not just their beliefs. Something unexpected happened to some of their most vital thinking skills, too. He knew because he quickly tested them. There was nothing in his developing theory or his thoughts to explain how this could be. Suddenly, he faced the researcher’s worse nightmare: he was lost and could see no recognizable landmarks in view.
If at one moment these individuals were capable of processing the day-to-day complexities and subtleties of the world at C, it was as if they were now suddenly capable of interacting with their hour-to-hour surroundings at E or G or K. It wasn’t that their IQs had turned on the afterburner and shot toward the stratosphere. In a conventional sense, they weren’t suddenly smarter. A better explanation was that they were more complicated, more insightful, more … open and thoughtful and strategic. Their horizons had been widened. To Dr. Graves, it seemed as if they had been granted added space and extra skills for growing up, though most of them were already nearly grown. How could he possibly explain that?
He was dumbfounded.
As the months passed, then a year, then more months, Dr. Graves’ intellectual crisis continued. Unlike Jacob, he didn’t wrestle nightly with angels. His wrestling opponents were demons, not angels—the demons of unknowing, confusion and puzzlement. Forgetting the sins of the profession’s fathers, he now struggled with the chaos he confronted in his own personal academic backyard.
Then, in a moment, it was over. The angst ended, the skies cleared. As unceremoniously as it had appeared—in one of those breakaway creative flashes that often advances the human cause—in his mind, the problem resolved itself.
On a fall day in 1961, in his classroom at Union College in Schenectady, New York, Graves hurried to a blackboard. Writing as fast as he could, he jotted down the rudiments of an explanation both for his own research conundrum and for the fundamental confusions and contradictions that had so long flummoxed psychology—the inability of psychology’s greatest theorists to come to agreement on the ideal human mind. As Graves described it years later in various locations, including an article for The Futurist (April, 1974, pp. 72-87) , his basic realization was this:
“The psychology of the mature human being is an unfolding, emergent, oscillating, spiraling process marked by progressive subordination of older, lower-order behavior systems to newer, higher-order systems as man’s existential problems change….Each successive stage, wave, or level of existence is a state through which people pass on their way to other states of being. When the human is centralized in one state of existence, he or she has a psychology which is particular to that state. His or her feelings, motivations, ethics and values, biochemistry, degree of neurological activation, learning system, belief system, conception of mental health, ideas as to what mental illness is and how it should be treated, conceptions of and preferences for management, education, economics, and political theory and practice are all appropriate to that state.”
Translation: there is no single way to describe a mature human because, in the truest sense, there is no such thing as a mature human. Maturity is as maturity does. And what the psychologically healthy person does best is to change with the times. The change always involves substituting new ways to think and behave for old ways. And the substitution may occur—needs to occur—again and again. Human maturation, Graves concluded, is an ever-ongoing process!
Dr. Graves’ model of how humans mature is, of course, highly basic to our “dolphin strategy” thinking skills model and to our MindMaker6® and Yo!Dolphin! Worldview Survey® assessment tools. And it anchors the discussion in all my books of theoretical and actual aspects of how we humans think and how our personal psychologies mature.
[Send comments for LEAP!Psych to firstname.lastname@example.org]
Spiral Dynamics®’ co-creator Chris Cowan succumbed to a virulent cancer so quickly a few days ago that almost no one knew he was seriously ill. One day Chris’s personal and business partner, Natasha Todovoric, was notifying those of us who knew Chris well of that fact, and the very next day, she was telling us Chris was gone. At Brain Technologies, we were thunderstruck at the news—and profoundly saddened. It is an irreplaceable loss for so many.
I met Chris in the late 1970s. He was not widely known in people assessment and maturation theory circles at that time, and neither was I. Sherry and I were living in Richardson, Texas. Chris lived a few miles up in the road in a mobile home at the edge of Denton, Texas, not far from his birthplace in McKinney.
Chris Cowan (photo courtesy of Spiral Dynamics®)
He’d discovered the late Dr. Clare W. Graves’ work while teaching communications courses at The University of North Texas. I’d also found many of Graves’ ideas appealing, and this shared interest led to more than a few lengthy Friday night conversations together around our mutual dining tables and to a friendship that endured.
I’ve had several requests in the past few days to write about my most impactful memories of Chris Cowan and, to now, have generally demurred from responding to them. Not because I had no wish to, but because I haven’t been sure how to do justice to this unique and talented person’s memory.
But then I began reading through the several hundred emails Chris and I exchanged over more than a decade-and-a-half, and an idea occurred to me. There might be a way to remind those of us who knew Chris how gifted his powers of observation were. How much fun his repartee could be. And how generous was his spirit. And that was to let Chris speak for himself.
Here, then, are snippets from our exchanges over the years. Some are serious, some mischievous and all of them, in my opinion, indicative of a personality it was a privilege to know. There’s no real rhyme or reason for the order of what follows. My purpose is simply to expose anyone who never had the joy of having a conversation, written or verbal, with Chris Cowan to experience what it could be like.
He called eating my wife Sherry’s celebrated enchiladas “worshipping at the shrine of Our Lady of Great Guacamole.” In one email, that thought led him to this one: “Have you ever visited Windthorst on the way to Wichita Falls? Near the out-of-scale Catholic church is ‘The Shrine of Our Lady of Highway 287,’ built after W.W.II when all the lads of the town got home safe.” His thoughts were often like that. Unpredictable. Disjointed. But almost always interesting, entertaining and often enlightening.
I once asked him to recommend a restaurant or two in Santa Barbara, CA, where he and Natasha had lived for the past two decades or more. This was his response: “I can tell you where to get the best sushi (Piranha for quality, Something’s Fishy for quantity, Edomasa for authenticity) and where to do killer Argentine red chili rellenos (Cafe Buenos Aires) and where to get the best tacos if you can order in Spanish (El Sitio), the best for gringos (Left at Albuquerque).” With Chris, it was always ask and you shall receive, usually in abundance.
I’ve never had the pleasure of meeting Natasha, but I had this tongue-in-cheek description from Chris: “Natasha is pretty cute for a Serbian anarchist-in-training.”
Nor did I ever have an opportunity to visit them in what Chris called their Santa Barbara bungalow. He offered these insights:
We’re in Montecito just across from Westmont College right on Montecito Creek, just off the 192. I have to confess that we’re probably the socioeconomic bottom extreme of Montecito – the little house is a former gazebo and guest cottage – one room with a nice porch built on top of a small hill – slopes STEEPLY to the creek on three sides. Anyway, what with the weather, the beach 5 minutes away, the waterfront 7 minutes away, and the national forest 20 min. away it’s hard to beat the lifestyle. Went to a lecture by the head of the Council for Secular Humanism last Thursday, saw 17 films at the festival the week before that (including one where that actor’s actor Stevan Segal talked about Buddhism – recommend Amores Perros from Mex.), and watched a documentary about a Swiss doctor/cellist in Cambodia with Julia Child (who winters here) – only in Santa B.
Few things irritated Chris more than adherents to Dr. Graves’ model who used it to explain their own supposed growth-in-maturity achievements and superior personal values and thinking skills. If you brought the subject up, you were often treated to a Cowan “teaching moment” like this one:
[They] all think they operate at the 8th and beyond levels, so of course they project spiritual enlightenment – little Lamas, each and every one. The mistake is to assume that we move from level to level rather than add layers. They’re caught up in the sophomore notion of distinct levels, as if that’s what really matters. I’m also in disagreement in that there are versions of spirituality throughout the model – it’s how spirituality is expressed and thought about that shifts, not that it exists. They’re amazingly arrogant – what CG [Clare Graves] called ‘the delusion of ER [Graves’ Level 5]’ that it’s [this Graves system is] always at the top of a theory and approaching transcendence.
Chris loved to tweak politicians. In their day, he regularly referred to President George W. Bush and Vice President Dick Cheney as “the Shrub and Drill-stem Dick.” He included jokes and stories about public figures frequently in his emails. One happened to be about an upcoming premiere at the Met of a new grand opera, sung in Italian, based on the impeachment of Bill Clinton. Here’s how Chris described Act I:
As the curtain rises, the House Republicans are meeting with Ken Starr with the object of trying to find a way to remove Clinton from the Presidency. The opening chorale, “We Must Find a Way” (Creato grandissimo floozy scandala), is sung as a sextet. In an impressive recitative, Tom DeLay sings “Where Will We Find a Helper?” (Dredgi uppulia una Granda Bimba). The House Republicans exit.”
But Chris didn’t spare even those he admired most from his honest appraisals. Not even Dr. Graves. He once addressed the good doctor’s reality-processing limits in terms of his own theory:
I don’t think he stretched much beyond DQ/ER himself – that’s what he said, anyway. He understood the other systems conceptually, but he lived 4/5. He was agnostic/atheist and didn’t have much patience for the consciousness domain except as it became a topic to observe people thinking about. Of course, he was thirty years ahead of the chic spirituality of the last few years.
Chris loved to play with words and glommed onto any illustration of others doing the same. He tried not to miss the results of the yearly contest of the Style section of The Washington Post. Readers were asked to take any word from the dictionary, alter it by adding, subtracting, or changing one letter and supply a new definition. One year in the early 2000s, here were his favorites among the winners:
Reintarnation: Coming back to life as a hillbilly.
Sarchasm: The gulf between the author of sarcastic wit and the person who doesn’t get it.
Hipatitis: Terminal coolness.
Karmageddon: It’s like, when everybody is sending off all these really bad vibes, right? and then, like, the Earth explodes and it’s like, a serious bummer.
He was fascinated by Australia and did wonderful imitations of the place both in person and in print. Here’s how he described a discussion with Australian friends after one trip:
We enjoyed Oz. Took a small bottle of locally made dessert riesling (“Rancho Sisquoc”) to our wine-loving friends. They, like most Aussies, it seems, consider themselves connoisseurs of the grape and looked at it with a decided nasal tilt upward . . . hmmmm . . . Santa Barbara county . . . hmmmm . . . [swirl] . . . really . . . rieslings are generally rather heavy and thick . . . this looks a little thin . . . interesting nose . . . [Then the chef from the fish & chips shop where we were dining comes over to see how the seafood had been and to deliver his experiment of the day, a passion fruit souffle) . . . hmmmm . . . a little thin for a dessert riesling... [sip, sip] . . . well. . . my goodness . . . quite light . . . not so heavy and sweet as ours . . . do you know this wine, [addressing Chris and Natasha’s dinner companion]? . . . interesting after-taste on the palate . . . complex . . . what winery is that?… in Santa Barbara county. . . I wonder if we can get that here . . . etc.
To which Chris adds; “Nyuk, nyuk, nyuk – better than coals to Newcastle.”
Sometimes, he foreswore the joking and parody-making and stayed with straight reporting. But even that was a treat because of his penetrating asides and observations. Here’s how he reported on the Ukraine after a trip:
Ukraine is a fear-driven place with lots of quasi-superstitions and a very obedience-oriented mindset that’s accompanied by a tolerance for oligarchs and mafiosi. Don’t know if you’ve been there, but lots of churches and change ringing of bells, monks, etc. Very Orthodox mixed with LCD billboards selling Japanese electronics. The Chernobyl museum was more of a memorial for the heroes who died than an exposition of the technical flaws that led to the disaster, and a gentle attack on state authorities who kept secrets and allowed the May Day parade in Kiev while the reactor was still burning and spewing radiation a few miles away.
And this about the British:
[Most] of them are good folks – the YOBs of the younger generation excepted. They’ve gone so far overboard with DQ [Level 4] enforcement of rigidified “Green” [Level 6] values that they’ve bred a batch of pretty hopeless young folks. It’s like Dickens meets MTV in the hands of a gutless Mary Poppins where Super Nanny would be congruent. When [we were] in Marlborough last year there were two mob fights on the street – 2am and again at 3:30am – by local punks and the upper-crust lads and lassies of Marlborough College. Five cop cars showed up, and the outcome was merely a ‘tsk, tsk.’ The UK is a scary place after dark. In Swindon a cabbie told us he could not take us downtown because there was football on and we’d probably be attacked when the pubs let out after the game, regardless of which side won. We went to the rail museum instead.
Brasil is really great, but there’s an underlying ickiness they can’t seem to get beyond. South America is definitely a different world. All our experience in Brasil suggests that the ’sleeping giant’ got bit by a social tzetze fly and still suffers from South American trypanosomiasis – until carnival, but then it goes back to sleep. . . .There’s a lot of magical thinking in Brasil, and that has translated to massive personal growth events and a fascination with gurus who promise eternal life couched as spiritual enlightenment and transcendental business. E.g., D-Q/E-R [Level 4/Level 5].
All this reflecting prompted Chris to sign that email off this way: “Brains are remarkable things. I keep wondering why they bother with consciousness rather than just keeping the mechanism running for enough years to repopulate. But then, what’s the point of repopulating? I’d better go watch a re-run of Cosmos.”
My final email from Chris arrived a few months ago after I’d chided him for not following through on a commitment to me to offer comments on a mystery novel I’ve written about a West Texas sheriff. He replied:
Mea culpa. It’s still sitting on my laptop. I’ll have a look. It’s been an interesting few weeks. I found that my health wasn’t good (usual high BP + pre-diabetes) so we went with a program with our doctor that entails some pretty major lifestyle and especially dietary changes. Two weeks of nothing but bone broth, then four weeks of ‘cleanse and detox’ with a very restricted diet and supplements, now a more Paleo approach to see if that will get my blood sugar where it belongs. One of the effects has been the loss of 45 pounds – meaning I have one pair of new Costco jeans that fits – everything else is shelved. (Meanwhile, Natasha is doing her yoga classes, getting back to her weight of 20 years ago, and feeling good.) That’s no excuse for not reading, only a reason. The absence of all grains, root vegetables, and dairy makes for grumpy campers. Back with ‘ya soon.
But it is now obvious that his health problems were far more serious than high blood pressure. He won’t be getting back again, and I’ll going to be one of those who sorely misses him. I just hope St. Peter likes political jokes. I’m sure Chris has already told him about the one where the U.S. politician was expecting to be greeted at the Pearly Gates by 72 virgins and wound up swarmed by George Washington, Thomas Jefferson and a host of other Southerners. 72 Virginians.
Assuming that heaven can stand more than one American politician, the next one to arrive is going to be greeted by 72 Virginians and one delightfully ornery Santa Barbarian. Like I say, those of us who knew Chris Cowan realize that we’ll not likely be finding another.
By the way, the links in those images don’t work, but here’s one that does. For more information on BTC’s BrainMap(R) assessment tool, go here.
The company we keep at Brain Technologies is highly creative. We never know what imaginative acts or outcomes to expect from our colleagues, clients and friends (or, as you are about to see, their children) next. Several of those folks have been operating outside the box or at least close to the edge again. We thought you’d enjoying knowing and seeing what they’ve been up to lately. So, in no particularly order, let’s talk about . . .
We can’t remember where the vivacious, loquacious Ann Farris was living at the time she entered our lives by attending one of our “BrainLab” seminar sessions in Fort Collins. After we moved to Plano, Texas, in the mid-90s, she turned up in Fort Worth, only 30 miles to the west. After that, we lost track of her until we learned that she was in San Francisco, having written a book called The Other Side of Dyslexia and founded a website called Dyslexia Discovery. You can read a brief account of her personal tussles with this condition and order a copy of her book here.
But she has since added a new interest. Or more correctly, reactivated an old interest. From 1969 to 1972, Ann, having made her way from her native born Canada to California, took a job as assistant to Kurt Herbert Adler, general opera of the San Francisco Opera. A new career in opera followed, ending up with her being executive director of OPERA America, the national service organization for American opera companies.
Six years ago, an acquaintance from those years, David Gockley, a OPERA American board member, approached her about heading up a group of volunteers tasked with bringing order to the undocumented history of the San Francisco Opera. Their goal is to create a public archive for the Company, to be housed on the fourth floor of the new Wilsey Center for Opera in the Veterans Building next door to the opera house.
Ann is now in charge of 13 volunteers. She says they have found photos, slides, documents, reel-to-reel tapes, LP recordings, VHS videos from most all the many live performances at the War Memorial Opera House, filing cabinets jammed with production photos and “a jumble of boxes” of largely unknown content at the time in a room behind the top balcony that Ann nick-named “Valhalla.” She and her volunteers are working in was actually intended to be the shaft for a theater organ that was never installed (and named “The Lobster Room” after a lobster key-chain the room key was on). If you look closely, you can see Ann in this photo of her volunteers and other team members;
OPERA HOUSE VOLUNTEERS
she’s fifth from the right.)
Ann and her helpers have thus far donated 4,600 hours to the project, with no end in sight. They work in three shifts to make optimal use of the three computers and two scanners available to them. A lot of their time is also spent seeking to close gaps in the opera house’s historical record. For example, iI you know of any production photographs of the opera prior to 1931 or for the years 1955 and 1956, Ann would greatly appreciate knowing about it. Her email address is email@example.com.
Michèle Carrier and Charles Boulos
It’s entirely possible that I’m behind the times and this has been happening regularly for some time now. I have certainly been aware of the existence of drones, the small, pilotless vehicles now often being used for aerial photography. But I’d not seen drone-produced videos being used to promote residential real estate offerings until our valued French language BTC distributors, Michèle Carrier and Charles Boulos, founders of Metafor International, sent me one of a lakefront property they have for sale in historic Shawnigian, Quebec, a hundred miles northeast of their headquarters on Nun’s Island, in the Saint Lawrence River in Montreal.
You can see the video here. Michèle and Charles are seated at the glass-topped patio table seen in the dazzling opening shot of the video (he’s in the blue shirt on the left). The house was left to Michèle by her late mother and sits in spectacular fashion (as you’ll see) at the river’s edge in a city whose huge chemical plants and big hydroelectric plant would, or so wartime planners feared, have made it Hitler’s No. 1 target in World War II had his military decided to bomb Canada.
Today, the industrial plants are all gone, and beautiful Shawnigian’s economic vitality is produced by tourism and recreation and by its role as “an ultra-modern digihub and incubator for budding startups.” Michèle and Charles have thoroughly modernized and innovated the former family home. As you can see here in this series of still shots, the property is as gorgeous as its location. And our hat is off to them and their two imaginative “very young realtors” with whom they’ve listed the property.
We had the privilege of watching Julie grow to womanhood as a result of our befriending her mother and father in the early years of Brain Technologies’ existence in the northern suburbs of Dallas, Tex. Her father, Dr. Gary John, has spent decades as both a counselor and a theorizing wizard and developmental specialist at one of the country’s best two-year institutions, Richland College in Richardson, Tex. And he’s long been one of our supporters in educational circles and a much valued one.
Gary emailed us the other day and introduced us to Julie’s latest brainchild—what she calls her “mobile speech bubble.” Holder of a graduate degree in speech disorders and their treatment, Julie founded a company a few years ago called “Word Count” (she is now its sole owner).
As Gary has explained “the speech bubble” concept to us, Julie had two important realizations about the same time. First, she noticed that renting office space was a drag on her finances that seemed to have little continuing collateral benefit. Also, she realized that many parents and their children who might benefit from her services were reluctance to come to her office or come to her in her usual locations. So she bought herself a pickup and a trailer, outfitted it with her testing and assessment technologies and will now travel to a child’s home or anywhere else they want to meet and provide them with very discreet speech and learning assessments and treatment.
Congratulations to all these stalwart denizens of BTC’s ever-fascinating community of intellectually inclined activists and achievers. We’re proud to know you all!
In 1978, Reader’s Digest commissioned me to write an article on how to improve your creativity. I’d not thought of the piece in several decades, and might not ever have done so again were it not for the Japanese educational publishing house, Obunsha. Their editors wrote earlier this week to request permission to reprint a few paragraphs from the piece in a textbook to be published next month for students learning English as a second language .
Obunsha didn’t indicate whether the excerpts would be used to demonstration how to use the English language presentably or how not to, but either way I’m honored that they managed to find the piece after all these years. They reminded me that the article was originally published in Kiwanis Magazine, the civic club periodical. But that was just RD being RD: the extremely successful (in those days) magazine made sure it always had articles that it wanted to excerpt on hand by commissioning people like me to write them and then placing the results in publications like Kiwanis Magazine and pretending to discover them and reproduce them for their millions of readers.
The article titled “You’re Smarter Than You Think,” was popular enough that the Digest reproduced it for years as a reprint. These days it does seem a little dated (especially the examples), but I think the advice in it is as useful as ever. Hope you enjoy it!
YOU’RE SMARTER THAN YOU THINK
(c) 1978 Dudley Lynch
• Police in a midwestern city were stumped. A fast-moving burglary team kept breaking into clothing stores, stripping the garment racks like hungry piranhas and slipping away before police could respond to the alarm systems. Was there any way to stop them—or at least slow them down?
Suddenly, one detective had an idea. “Alternate your hanger hooks,” he told the city’s merchants. “Turn one toward the wall, and the next toward the aisle-all the way down the rack.” When the next alarm went off, police caught the hapless thieves still removing garments one at a time.
• An old frame church in New England stood in desperate need of exterior paint, so the minister recruited a half-dozen volunteers from his congregation. But he couldn’t get them to show up for the job-until he had a devilish inspiration. He divided the building into six segments, then, in bold letters three feet high, painted a volunteer’s name on each segment. Shortly thereafter, each recruit dutifully arrived to paint his segment, fulfill his pledge—and avoid all that public notoriety.
• Not long ago, when I was pushing my wife’s stalled car with my own, our bumpers locked. With a strong friend, I tried to bounce the bumpers loose. No go. Next I tried a jack. That didn’t work either. Then my wife suggested backing my car up on the curb and leaving her smaller car at street level. Eureka! The cars immediately sprang apart.
We’ve all met people like this, with an uncanny knack for solving problems, and we wonder how they do it. They don’t appear to be geniuses; yet, somehow, they think differently from the rest of us.
Over the last 15 or 20 years, social scientists have been taking their first serious look at this power of creative thinking, and have written more than 1500 doctoral theses and 2000 books on it. On available evidence, scholars now believe creativity is far more common than previously thought. In fact, most researchers claim there is a spark of genius in each of us, waiting to be freed.
Here, from experts in several fields, are five tips for freeing your creativity potential:
Rekindle childhood curiosity. A man I know spent an hour trying to rescue his young son’s pet frog from the bottom of a narrow shaft on their property. He used a long stick, then a rope with a loop at the end, then an open-ended can on a string. Nothing worked, and he finally gave up. Minutes later, his five- year-old son appeared at the front door-with the frog! The boy had hit on the idea of flooding the shaft with a garden hose and floating the frog to the surface.
In the wild kingdom of their imagination, children are forever coming up with creative solutions. Unlike adults, children have an open pipeline to the seat of creativity: the right hemisphere of the brain. But when they start school, the “left brain”—the seat of logic—begins falling victim to the fears, rules, obligations and concerns of the adult world and, before long, imagination is in retreat.
What sets the creative person off from the rest of us is that he or she has somehow managed to hold onto a childlike curiosity and an unbounded sense of creative possibility. To help rekindle your own curiosity, start by widening your horizons—especially your reading horizons. Ray Bradbury, a prolific writer of science fiction, stuffs his mind with everything he can lay his hands on—essays, poetry, plays, lithographs, music. “You have to feed yourself information every day,” he says. “When I was a kid, I sneaked over to the grown-up section in the library. Now, to make sure I’m fully informed, I often go into the children’s section.”
Ask the right question. For months, a group of YMCA Indian Guides had planned a “father-and-son” weekend in the wilds, where they hoped to make plaster casts of animal tracks. When the weekend finally arrived, it poured rain, and no one could go out. Then one imaginative leader had an idea. Why not use the plaster to make casts of each father’s hand, along with that of his son. “It was one of the best things we ever did,” a YMCA official recalls. “It saved the weekend.”
The idea would never have developed if the leader who thought of it had stayed with the obvious question:”How can we make plaster casts in the rain?” They couldn’t, of course. The “right” question was: “How can we have fun with the plaster we’ve bought?”
Dr. Frederic Flach, New York psychiatrist and leading authority on creativity, says that restating the question can often be the first step toward discovering the solution. “Instead of asking, ‘Should I get a divorce?’” suggests Dr. Flach, “you might ask, ‘Does it make more sense to be on my own?’ Similarly, instead of wondering,’Should I quit my job?’ you might ask,’To what degree does the work I am doing reflect my basic interests?’”
Angelo M Biondi, executive director of the Creative Education Foundation, likes questions that begin, “In what ways might I…?” He recently offered advice to a friend in business. Head of a small company, the friend was debating whether or not to fire an unproductive assistant. A better question, Biondi suggested, might be: “In what ways might I improve this employee’s performance?” That led to questions about why the employee was having trouble; the employer soon discovered that his assistant had marital problems that were diverting him from his work. A family counsellor saved the marriage—and the man’s job.
Put ideas together. More often than not, creativity is the spark that’s struck from pairing two or more existing ideas. SES ASSOCIATES, a Cambridge, Mass., “think tank,” was asked by a major food manufacturer to find a better way to package potato chips. So SES associated two ideas: potato chips and wet leaves. Why leaves? Because the first question the SES creative types asked was:”What is the best packaging solution you ever saw?” Someone said the bagging of wet leaves. “Try to shove a load of dry leaves into a bag, and you have a tough time,” he explained. “You are packing air, just the way the potato-chip manufacturers do. But if the leaves are wet, you can pack a lot of them in.”
Good idea, the researchers thought, and they tried packing wet potato chips. But it didn’t work; when the chips dried in the package, they crumbled. That led to the development of a tougher chip that, when wet, could be pressed into a uniform shape. Today, this product is recognized by millions of Americans as the potato chips that come in a can instead of a bag.
William Gordon, president of SES, stresses that such creativity cannot happen without “the emotional willingness to risk failure.” In other words, even the craziest of ideas should be considered, since every truly original idea may look a little crazy at first. Thomas Edison, a man with 1093 American patents in his name, once confessed: “I’ll try anything—even Limburger cheese!”
Sleep on it. When faced with an intractable problem, try putting it completely out of your conscious mind; let it incubate. At the moment you least expect it, a creative solution may pop up.
In 1865, German chemist Friedrich Kekule fell asleep puzzling over the structure of the benzene molecule. Kekule dreamed of thousands of atoms dancing before his eyes, some forming patterns and twisting like snakes. Suddenly one snake grabbed its own tail. In a flash, Kekule awakened with the idea of a closed-chain structure of benzene—a brilliant scientific discovery.
Others have also hit on their best ideas while their mental engines were idling. It was said of Mozart, for example, that his music wrote itself while he traveled, strolled or dozed. Nobel Prize-winning physicist Dennis Gabor says that, like Einstein before him, he gets his best ideas while shaving. Then there was seven-year-old Susie, whose problem was simply that the braided string belt had been pulled out of her pajama bottoms. How on earth, she wondered, can I ever thread it back through again? She put the problem out of conscious mind. A short time later, as she was getting an ice cube out of the freezer, an idea suddenly hit her. She could wet the belt, freeze it in a circle, then guide it through the pajama opening. It worked!
Practice. Like jogging or speaking a new language, using creative techniques may feel awkward until old habits have been unlearned. To help, try some of the following creative calisthenics. For example: Write three-word phrases beginning with each letter of the alphabet (”Buy better bargains” or “Tell tall tales”). Devise a new, witty definition for these words: a bore, a politician, an expert, a grapefruit, a revolution, hope, patience, lust. Make a list of five blue foods, or 15 ways to use a feather, or six new names for the United States of America. Or try this: think how it might feel to be, say, a stapler, or a Volkswagen, or a fish. Then write down what you think.
Most of all, develop and practice a “passion for living.” Pablo Picasso marveled at everything. “I look at flies, at flowers, at leaves and trees around me,” he said. “I let my mind drift at ease, just like a boat in the current. Sooner or later, it is caught by something.”
By being alert to what is around you, your mind and imagination can’t help but begin to stir in new, mysterious ways. “The larger the island of knowledge,” said the late clergyman- scholar, Ralph Sockman, “the longer the shoreline of mystery surrounding it.” And, somewhere behind that shoreline, pushing it out toward the horizon, is our power of creativity.
I never write “a” book. In the two years or so I’m at the task of producing a new work, I write the equivalent of several books. Write and cull, write and cull. The false starts and other anomalies that don’t seem to get me where I want to go at the time are cut and pasted into my Clipboard File for that particular work. Occasionally, I go back and peruse what didn’t make it into print. Or possibly did make it and I don’t remember saying it quite that way. I took a look at the Clipboard File for LEAP! How to Think Like a Dolphin & Do the Next Right, Smart Thing Come Hell or High Water the other day. Here are some culls from the culls:
IF YOUR AXONS AND DENDRITES ARE PUZZLED ABOUT HOW TO IDENTIFY DOLPHINTHINKERS, WE HAVE A SUGGESTION
The best way to spot a dolphinthinker is to go stand in the crowd and watch for the people who, however they manage to do it, display an uncanny knack for wading in the chaos and fashioning something good from it. Artists can do this, of course. And musicians and other creatives. (Even writers occasionally.) And some of these may, indeed, be dolphinthinkers. But if so, it is not their art or their music or their writing as such that qualifies them to be to be thought of as dolphins. Rather, to say it again, it is their zeal for the pragmatic—for finding what works and, in a larger-than-could-be-intrinsically-expected, energy-radiating way, transforming it into very much the right, good, smart thing to have done next.
THERE’S A GOOD REASON WHY THE DOLPHINTHINKER KEEPS STRESSING THE IMPORTANCE OF THINKING PRAGMATICALLY
Dolphinthinkers avoid the utopias and the utopians. They may mean well, but has always been the case, they are nearly always dreamers without visible, viable means of support. Barry Goldwater came close, but in the end he gets no cigar. Extremism in defense of idealism is a vice. And utopians are invariably extremists. Without a middle, the center doesn’t hold. Another reason to stay pragmatic.
THE IDEA OF ABUNDANCE HAS RUN INTO STIFF HEADWINDS OF LATE, BUT WE NEED TO KEEP IT POINTING DUE NORTH
The strategy of the dolphin is an abundance-seeking strategy. Your author believes it is the best strategy on most occasions that you can possibly adopt. It is the most powerful strategy available for realizing significant personal, organizational and civic/cultural/governmental goals and hopes consistently in change-driven times and for contributing to the probability that life—all life—on the planet, and perhaps anywhere in the universe, will continue. Without abundance, there can be no sustainability. What we need to achieve sustainability—of our environment, of our scarce resources, of our species mates, of our own health and happiness and humanity—is available only through pursuits of abundance like those framed in this work.
IF BRUTUS WILL PARDON THE RIPOFF OF A WELL-TURNED PHRASE, WE’VE COME NOT TO PRAISE THE STATUS QUO BUT TO DO SOMETHING ELSE TO IT
The dolphinthinker’s ability to find functionality is a result of her ability to step back and look at the big picture. And then, not be panicked or flummoxed by it. But, rather, be intrigued. To remember the truth in Marshall McLuhan’s observation: “Darkness is to space what silence is to sound, i.e., the interval.” In this second decade of the 21st Century, there’s plenty of venues to choose from. An unprecedented number of critical components in our lives, communities, nations and businesses are broken. So dolphins are going to be arriving at more and more contemporary locations not to praise the status quo but to splinter it. To shatter ossified systems and outdated power alignments. To break up the logjams of the unresponsive and the irresponsible. And to interrupt and dislodge the suffocating, stultifying grip of what is no longer functional and suitable or never has been.
WHY DOLPHINTHINKERS TEND TO PAY CLOSER ATTENTION TO BRAIN ISSUES THAN THE AVERAGE NEOCORTEX
We never want to forget that our human brain is nothing if not a veritable Houdini. One of its favorite tricks is what researchers call “the confirmation bias.” We don’t have to be taught how to use this bias. It comes built in, possibly (or so evolutionary psychologists suggest) because long, long ago, when so little about the surrounding world could be reliably modeled or measured, thinking that we live in an easily “knowable” world was a help and a comfort to our distant ancestors. In any event, the tendency of our brain to seek out and to interpret information in ways that fit our preconceptions continues to fill our wakeful moments with unhelpful nonsense.
THE DOLPHINTHINKER’S IRON FIN IS NOT SOMETHING WORN LIKE A LOADED GUN DRAPED OVER THE BICEPS
In fact, when a dolphinthinker is forced to resort to iron-fin qualities and actions, it usually comes as a surprise to all but other dolphins in the mix. The dolphin’s iron fin doesn’t telegraph menace or danger, not until the need emerges for a dolphin to exhibit steely resolve. Then and only then is when the dolphin’s iron fin rises into view. And then, there must be no doubt, no delay and no holding back. So to think like a dolphin, you must be able to wear dual fins comfortably, proficiently, interchangeably. One is an everyday fin for navigating the little stuff of ordinary life. The other is a tough-as-nails fin for interacting with the world’s, the marketplace’s, the organization’s, the community’s or the family’s most destructive and recalcitrant deviants and actions.
For more information about LEAP!, go here.
None of us sees the world as “it is,” therefore; we can only see the world that we think. If we can’t think it, then what it is that we can’t see doesn’t exist for us at all. At least, not yet.
Herein lies the dolphin thinker’s difficult-to-explain advantage. From the dolphin perspective, you can potentially see all the current worlds crafted of all the variations of the human mind that have checked in at the front desk of awareness thus far. You can see these minds at work. And you can understand, in great measure, why they are choosing the route they select, what the up sides and the down sides to their choices are and, to a considerable extent, where the train wrecks from their shortcomings and weaknesses are likely to happen and why.
These aren’t the famous “parallel universes” of quantum physics. Parallel universes may be nothing more than conjectures in the minds of those who talk about them. If they are real, parallel universes are separate worlds stacked from here to infinity, incorporating the opposite of every yes/no decision you and everyone else who ever lived has ever made and acted on, and if this myriad of worlds are real, there doesn’t seem to be much leakage, if any, between them. If and when worlds are parallel, where you are, you might say, is what you get. Or to put it another way: in for a penny, stuck there for a pound.
The dolphin thinker’s world is something else. Oxymoronically, the multiple worlds that the dolphin thinker can see, and often does, are all part of a piece. A singular world in that if you know how and where to look, you can find every physical component to be found in any one of the worlds in all the others.
But that’s the rub: knowing when and how and where to look, and what to look for. In the advance toward dolphin thinking, the brain has become progressively more skilled at:
• Making connections.
• Discerning cause and effect.
• Anticipating consequences.
• Spotting and avoiding its own chimeras—the false threats and shadows, the pipedreams and nonsensical defenses it fashions of fancy and not of fact.
• Withholding judgment until it can know more.
• Delaying gratification until the timing is right.
• Seeing a whole serration of choices, instead of no choice at all, and getting better and better at favoring those choices with the best odds.
As the humanly conscious brain has matured over the centuries, it has grown more and more adept at knowing how and where to look—for what, for what reason, to what end.
Think of seven simultaneously-at-work worlds, including the dolphin thinker’s world, partitioned off from each other by layers of glass. Between each of the glass partitions, a separate kind of world is being lived, up close and personally, by the occupants of that layer. Each of the actions taken in each layer contributes to the composite of all the possible worlds, but with a critical caveat.
Not all the actions, ingredients, possibilities or even participants in these worlds are visible to participants in other worlds—except for one. That capability, that responsibility, that “complication of consequence” belongs only to the user of the dolphin thinker’s mind, who sees through all the glass partitions all too clearly.
Explained this way, you may now realize that you’ve been experiencing dolphin thinking without realizing what it really was. There are salient clues. Have you come to realize a certain, new sense of isolation, conversationally and intellectually? Do you note a growing sense of boredom or impatience or maybe irritation at the opinionated chitchat of longtime companions, with whom you used to converse easy enough? Do people to whom you try to explain things and suggest things to, people who used to hear you out with no unease or lack of enthusiasm, now look at you like the proverbial deer in the headlight when you discourse at any length? Do you wonder if you any longer share many of their key values? Fit snugly into their comfort zone? Really belong any longer in their world?
It may be become you are closing in on the dolphin thinker’s capabilities.
If there is a single, concrete feature supporting all other features of dolphin thinking, it is this mind’s tendency to come at each and every situation with a healthy, robust, undiluted, let-the-chips-fall-where-they-may kind of optimistic pragmatism—an upbeat, advanced, quick-study, highly generalized common sense.
This is the argument I advance in my latest book, LEAP! How to Think Like a Dolphin & Do the Next Smart, Right Thing Come Hell or High Water. Details about the work are here. Hope you’ll take a look!
At this hour, the world now stands on the verge of yet another great technological revolution. It has been mainly been gathering steam since the 1980s. Each day brings us closer to a time when a Star Trek-like economy may be possible. In fact, as the days go by and the breakthroughs and advances pile up, it is less and less a stretch to suggest that the looming next great wave of technology—Wave 4—can provide us with the very technologies that could solve our greatest problems if used properly.
We are speaking of swiftly developing technologies like biotechnology, bioengineering, nanotechnology, macro-robotics (in contrast to invisible “nanobots”), machine cognition, exotic energy and new materials science. The spin-offs of these extraordinary new era of tool-making could provide any number of artifacts that could change the game completely:
• Age reversal
• Human lifespan increasing to hundreds of years
• Download of human consciousness into a robotic shell
• Space exploration and the discovery of intelligent alien life
• Downloading knowledge directly to the human brain
• Eliminating disease
• Reclaiming the planet and restoring the ecosystem
• Eliminating the need for money
• Providing the basics for a comfortable life for everyone for free
• The end of war
• Sentient artificial beings
• The creation of new forms of biological life
• Any injury rendered temporary
• Super-sensory capability
• Intelligent environments that respond in a customized way to the user
• Local auto-fabrication of hard products
• The shift to local market economies
• Space travel available to everyone
• Colonizing and terraforming of other planets
This could lead to a world that engenders almost universal freedom, prosperity, liberation from slavery or near-servitude or the need for people of even modest means to work at all. A world where all mindsets—carp, shark, Aquarian carp and the dolphin varieties—and worldviews could prosper in socio-economic-political systems where the highest status is assigned to those who provide for the common good. (The sharks could continue to compete for celebrity and recognition, but this time, they would be rewarded for finding new and better ways to improve universal quality of life, not for how often they win.) In ways that to now have been the province only of utopian thinkers, science fiction writers or sunny-side-up Pollyannas, and only in their imaginations, we humans could begin to think of ourselves as truly free from many of the dangers, hindrances and irritations that currently still beset us.
Now, your author isn’t ignorant of this vigilance-commanding reality: technological advances are double-edged swords. As an extension of who we are, our tools can be used for good or ill. Biotechnology can be used to create devastating new biological weapons. Intelligent robots can be used as slaves or as soldiers. Nanotechnology can be used as a weapon or evolve on its own into a grey goo that eats the planet. Life extension and age reversal can end up being offered only to the wealthy and powerful. The characteristics of babies allowed to be born can be inhumanly manipulated. The terraforming of other planets could ignore the needs of indigenous species. And on and on .… This is why every great jump in technological capability creates new issues, big issues. Issues that cannot be adequately addressed by the institutions that created them (“Einstein’s paradox”). The emerging Wave 4 lineup of world-class challenges literally cries out for a great “insight” awakening to address the changed environment and our enhanced capabilities. The new issues are going to dictate the need for profound changes in a people’s current social, political and economic systems.
But there’s one thing we must never forget. Great technological achievements don’t tag along after significant, game-changing political, cultural and spiritual awakenings. Instead, they precede them! That is, technology shifts first!
It is the toolmaker who is civilization’s trendiest game-changer, trooping ahead of the politician, the psychologist, the priest, the rabbi, the imam and the ethicist. As the late Nobel Prize-winning economist Robert W. Fogel explains in The Fourth Great Awakening and the Future of Egalitarianism: “It is the lag between technological transformation and the human capacity to cope with change that has repeatedly provoked the crises that usher in profound reconsiderations of ethical values, that produced new agendas for ethical and social reform, and that give rise to political movements to implement these agendas.”
Being a part of a new “insight” awakening is a reoccuring theme of my latest book, LEAP! How to Think Like a Dolphin & Do the Next Smart, Right Thing Come Hell or High Water. Essentially, my argument is this: The most effective thinkers in the new technological wave that is emerging are going to be those who are open to and equipped to use what I’ve sometimes called “good gumption” powers and skills almost automatically, consistently and relentlessly. Among those skills are these:
• The confidence to confront. And then, if possible, to include.
• An automatic aversion to incompetence. And shortly afterwards, a game plan.
• Wonderment, then exploration, then activation. Just because it’s your nature to be a designer.
• The judgment of the merciful & the passion of the justice seeker. And the wisdom to know the difference.
• Resilience, so you can always find your way back.
• The super-glues of self-healing, raised to a whole new level.
For more information, on this and all my major “thinking skills” works, please go here.